The fifth regional meeting of the Bonn Challenge was inaugurated on June 12 in Havana, Cuba, by the Minister President of the Central Bank of Cuba, Irma Martínez, with the participation of delegations from Latin American and Caribbean countries.
The Bonn Challenge was launched in September 2011 at a ministerial event organized by the German Government and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with the support of the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration (GPFLR).
This global effort aims to restore 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested land by 2020. To date there are 58 national and sub-national landscape restoration COMMITMENTS, equivalent to 170.43 MILLION HECTARES. In 2014, the promoters of this initiative raised the restoration commitment to 350 million hectares by 2030.
Latin America began organizing regional meetings on the Bonn Challenge in El Salvador in 2015. Subsequently, similar meetings were held in the Mediterranean, Africa and Asia.
In this year`s conference, the discussion focused on a main theme: "Landscape restoration as a process of adapting to climate change", around which the following topics were addressed:
The fifth meeting of the Bonn Challenge was attended by 35 delegates, including Ministers and Vice-Ministers of Environment from Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as representatives of international cooperation agencies and specialists in forest restoration.
The participating countries ratified their commitment to restoration by joining the global effort to face the new climate reality, emphasizing that addressing restoring degraded ecosystems presents a transformative opportunity to focus in an integrated manner on the relationship between ecosystem degradation, desertification and the fight against climate change, and to advance towards the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals of Agenda 2030, recognizing the interdependence of ecosystems, biodiversity and livelihoods, as well as the relationship of the sectors that depend on biodiversity with these ecosystems that provide essential services through a landscape vision.
At the closing of the event, the participants signed the "Havana Declaration", committing themselves to promote the restoration of ecosystems and landscapes as one of the main "natural solutions" to the global climate crisis, as well as to increase efforts so that in 2020 the foundations can be laid for the implementation of the Decade of Ecosystem Restoration 2021 - 2030, a global initiative promoted by El Salvador and declared by the United Nations General Assembly on 1 March of this year.
This event is organized by the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology (CITMA) of Cuba, with the support of the REDD+ Landscape / CCAD Program, implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. The REDD+ Landscape Program is part of the International Climate Protection Initiative (IKI) commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) of the Federal Republic of Germany.