12.Oct.2018:Fuente: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (ONU Medio Ambiente) [Clic Aquí]
Buenos Aires, 12 October 2018 - Ministers of the Environment and representatives of Latin America and the Caribbean agreed today in Buenos Aires to intensify efforts to reduce marine litter, accelerate climate action, strengthen cooperation for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems, and move towards sustainable production and consumption.
At the 21st Meeting of the Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean, representatives of 28 countries in the region adopted the Buenos Aires Declaration and approved four agreements to address the region's main environmental challenges in the areas of climate change, pollution, biodiversity and ecosystems, and resource efficiency.
Ministers expressed concern about the findings of the recently released special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which exposed the huge differences between the effects of 1.5°C and 2°C global warming by the end of the century. In this regard, they called for urgent and ambitious actions to prevent a climate catastrophe, in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement.
They called for boosting adaptation planning and implementation, strengthening innovative business, promoting policies for clean technologies and sustainable urban mobility, and increasing support for Small Island Developing States.
They also called on more globally developed countries to meet the financial commitments agreed in Paris.
In terms of pollution, they agreed to make greater efforts to implement national and regional plans against marine litter through restrictions on plastic, research and development of alternative materials, rational waste management and monitoring of water quality.
In the same area, they agreed to work on strategies to progressively eradicate improper waste disposal, such as landfills or open burning. A third of the region's solid waste -- 145,000 tons a day -- ends up in inappropriate places, according to a recent UNEP report
The countries of the region asked the UNEP, as secretariat of the Forum, to set up a working group to help close down informal dumps, a practice that threatens the quality of the region's natural resources and the health of its inhabitants.
ODUSUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION
Ministers and representatives agreed to strengthen the design of policies that favor sustainable production and consumption patterns, based on scientific knowledge, and called for international financial support to develop an implementation program for the Regional Strategy on Sustainable Consumption and Production.esarrollar un programa de implementación de la Estrategia Regional de Consumo y Producción Sostenibles.
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean prepared their contributions in this area in preparation for the fourth session of the UN Environment Assembly , to be held 11-15 March 2019 in Nairobi, Kenya, under the theme "Innovative solutions to environmental challenges and sustainable production and consumption.
The governments of the region recognized the importance of addressing this challenge and identified good practices in the region, such as the regional eco-labelling proposal promoted by Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico, called the Environmental Seal of the Americas.
BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEMS
Ministers and representatives called on all countries to create and expand protected areas to achieve the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Targets for 2020 and to increase the quality of conservation, especially for those states that have already exceeded these global targets. They also called for the restoration of degraded ecosystems based on sustainable production approaches, such as forestry. restaurar ecosistemas degradados con base en enfoques productivos sostenibles, como la silvicultura.
They announced their support for the proposal of the Government of El Salvador and the countries of the Central American Integration System (SICA) to designate the decade 2021-2030 as "United Nations Decade for the Restoration of Ecosystems", an initiative supported by UN Environment.
In addition, they made progress on agreements to form a Regional Cooperation Program for Biodiversity, which promotes coordination and exchange of information on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The XXII meeting of the Forum will be organized in 2020 under the presidency of Barbados.