The Landscape and Resource Management to Increase Carbon Reserves in Central America (REDD+ Landscape) Program began in 2014, works with funds from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), and it is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
Central America covers only 0.5% of the earth’s surface, but it is home to approximately 8% of the world’s biodiversity. Additionally, it is one of the tropical regions most affected by climate change. The high population growth in the region, combined with poverty and weak political structures, has exerted pressure on the existing forest resources. Agricultural initiatives have been increasingly linked with natural forests, and further solutions and approaches are needed for the ecosystems and agricultural areas that border the forests. All of these factors together have led to a drastic reduction in forest surface area.
Given these trends, negotiations are currently underway in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to debate the extent to which economic and institutional incentives can be generated for the reduction of emissions from deforestation and environmental degradation.
Despite interest expressed by different countries, there is still a lack of appropriate framework conditions for the effective implementation of compensation mechanisms for the reduction of CO2 emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
The political counterpart for the project is the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (CCAD), which is part of the Central American Integration System (SICA).
The objective of the program is the reconstruction of forest resources in landscapes within the framework of the REDD+ approach in Central America. The program also seeks to improve the environmental services of the region in the context of Forest Landscape Restoration efforts. The program contributes to planning new forms of land use for agriculture and forest exploitation in order to increase carbon reserves.
The duration of the Program is planned for 4 years.